Demographic Profile of Adolescents – India
Young people between 10-24 years constitute approximately one third and adolescents aged between 10-19 years constitute 22.8 percent of India’s population. The data indicates that within the adolescent age group itself, the proportion of 10-14 years olds is greater than that of the 15-19 years age group. The gender wise breakdown of the 10-24 year population does not show any significant difference between the sexes. However various studies reveal distinctive differences between opportunities and experiences available to boys and girls across almost all regions in the country among both married and unmarried groups.
To understand the specific needs of young people in India, it is important to take a closer look into the lives and conditions that they usually face. Through studies undertaken in the past one decade, a clear picture emerges. Research conducted in different part of the country from time to time reveal distinctive trends and mindsets of this young cohort and provide an outline of the challenges they face.
ISSUES OF YOUNG PEOPLE : SOCIAL FACTORS REPONSIBLE FOR YOUNG PEOPLE’S STATUS, OPPORTUNITIES AND DEVELOPMENT
Demographic and social influences on the health of young people (aged 10 to 24 years) describe their social context that include relations with family, peers and school; physical health and satisfaction with life; health behaviours including patterns of eating, hygiene and physical activity; and risk behaviours like use of tobacco, drugs; sexual behaviour including gender biases and myths. Various studies based on statistical analysis identify meaningful differences in the prevalence of health and social indicators by gender, age group and attitudes and influences of society. Findings along with their sources are mentioned under each topic that explain how social determinants impinge on the health, status, opportunities and development of young people.
Several cross-regional patterns reveal the magnitude and direction of differences between subgroups, thus contributing to a better understanding of the social determinants of health, development and well-being among young people, and provide the means to help protect and promote their interests.